Sylvester Bongani Maphosa ? is Chief Research Specialist in Peace and Sustainable Security (PaSS) sub-division of the Developmental, Capable and Ethical States division in the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in Pretoria. He is an NRF-Rated researcher, a Fulbright Fellow, and Professor Adjunct; he holds a Ph.D. in Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies (2009); an MA in Peace and Governance (2005); a B.Ed. in Environmental Sciences (2002); a Diploma in Education (1992); with extensive field experience in research, government, higher education, non-government, community-based work; and, leading programmes. His research interests include conflict prevention, community-based peacebuilding, human security and development, capacity building for peace, and, evaluation of peacebuilding in violently divided societies ? in which he has published extensively.